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The Image

A watercolour measuring 18¼" x 24¾". Inscribed verso: ‘From Rivington Pike’. Provenance: purchased from Lady East by Matthew B. Walker of Wolverhampton [label verso signed by Lady East and dated January 1918]. Sometime with Norman R. Nichols, Rosemeade, Hagley Road, Birmingham [2nd label verso].

About the Artist

Sir Alfred East (1844-1913) is one of the most significant figures in English landscape painting in the decades before the First World War. His landscapes caught the mood of times in which there was a growing concern at the rapidity of social change and its impact upon the countryside. He was born in Kettering, Northamptonshire, and worked in his brother’s boot and shoe factory as a ‘clicker’ before becoming a sales representative for the company in Glasgow. There he attended evening classes at the Glasgow School of Art. In his late thirties he decided to become a professional artist and in 1882 went to study at the Académie Julian in Paris, where he was much influenced by the Barbizon School of landscape artists. Around 1884 he and his family moved from Glasgow to North London where they lived until his death. In 1888 he was commissioned to spend six months in Japan by the Fine Art Society. He arrived in Nagasaki in March 1889 and became the first English artist to make Japan the field of an extensive and detailed study in paint.

Sir Alfred East

View from the Bungalow, Rivington, Lancashire

In March 1890, 104 of his paintings of Japanese landscapes and people were exhibited at the Fine Art Society in London. East continued to travel widely and painted regularly in France, Italy, Spain and North Africa. He was elected an Associate of the Royal Academy in 1899, having been a regular exhibitor since 1883. In 1906 he was elected President of the Royal Society of British Artists, a position he held until his death. In 1910 he received a knighthood, and a banquet was held in his honour in his native town of Kettering. The Alfred East Gallery, designed by J. A. Gotch, was opened in Kettering on 31 July 1913 by Lord Spencer. East died two months later, but not before he had been elected to full membership of the Royal Academy. A national newspaper commented that it was a ‘fitting end to a brilliant career’.

The Subject

View from the Bungalow, Rivington, Lancashire. Late in life, East became a friend of William Hesketh Lever (1851-1925), later 1st Viscount Leverhulme, whose prosperity derived from the manufacture of soap at Port Sunlight. The two men probably met when Lever purchased East’s Japanese painting Haru-no-Yuki (Snow in Spring) in 1906. East stayed with Lever in his bungalow at Rivington in 1909, sketching and painting in the neighbourhood. The bungalow, built in 1901, was burnt down by Suffragettes in 1913. Bolton Art Gallery has a similar scene by East in oil in its collection (Lever was born in Bolton).

Sir Alfred East - View from the Bungalow, Rivington, Lancashire